vs code doesn't show any output for my code - javascript

I recently installed vs code and node because I am learning javascript.
the thing is my vs code **does not show the output for any of my codes.
i have tried everything!
first I tried running it with just ctrl alt N but nothing happened.
then I installed code runner and here is the problem, every time i run a simple code as console.log("hello world!); it shows that its running and that the running is done but no output whatsoever
and it shows this
and I've tried going into settings and giving a check to the option " code runner run in terminal" as I found on the internet that usually solved the problem but I got the same result.
here is what it shows with a run in terminal
and even using PowerShell by writing node helloworld.js nothing happens.
here is the powershell
it only works when I run and debug which brings me to the last thing.
the only way I got this thing to run properly was by pressing f5 and running it by "run and debug" but I don't want to do that every time I need to run my codes bc I'm really at the beginning of learning and I run a lot of stupid little codes(i don't even know what debug means) and yes I know I can make it automatic by downloading some extensions but I really just wanted code runner to work.


VS Code Node.js macOS debugging not working - I don't even know how to state the problem

Newbie question here, it seems... I'm losing my mind. Why is this so hard? I've been programming other languages for years, but I'm relatively new to node and JS. I've read and watched as much as I can find official and unofficial on the web about this and it's either years old or significantly different from my situation, so not very helpful.
I'd really, really appreciate anyone who can understand my (pretty simple, I would have thought!?) specific case and help me get this set up to just work. Possible?
macOS 10.15.6 Catalina.
As I understand it, node comes with the OS. It's Node.js 12.8.1
VS Code 1.48.2
I create a new file, name it abcd.js. VS Code figures out it's javascript. I add some code - read a file of JSON from the disk, make some changes, console.log some stuff (appears under the Output tab). I run it.* All good and works.
Now... Run menu > "Start Debugging". Or, There's a Run/Debug icon in the sidebar that shows a "Run and Debug" button which I click on. Both of those ask me for an environment - I choose Node.js, and the Debug console outputs this:
/usr/local/bin/node path/to/my/file.js
Debugger listening on ws://
For help see https://nodejs.org/en/docs/inspector
And that's it. I have breakpoints, but it doesn't stop on them. Something happens (too quick to see what it is). I don't think it's actually running my code because nothing new shows up under the Output tab.
There's also a note in that sidebar saying "To customize Run and Debug create a launch.json file." I've experimented with that as much as I can, but nothing I do seems to help.
I've been programming for years. I'm used to other languages and IDEs (eg. C, Java, AppleScript, Swift, others), where you open the IDE, write some code, hit run (or debug), it may or may not build a target (depending on the language and environment), but then it runs the code (opens the target app, or runs in the IDE, and allows you to step through the code, breakpoints, etc. in the IDE if debugging). Is JS/node programming radically different from this somehow?
*One theory:
I'm not doing this through any terminal or any browser. Maybe that's the problem...? At some point I installed a "Code Runner" plugin that I believe is what is running my code. It was a while ago, but if I recall correctly maybe I turned to that because I was looking for the experience I've described above, and this plugin gave me that where the "normal" node setup process didn't? Perhaps my problem is that that plugin simplifies RUNNING js scripts so much that my issues with DEBUGGING exist because that plugin allows me to bypass other usual complications with running JS/Node scripts (but doesn't have any debugging functionality of its own)?
My thanks to #ippi for his/her comment with a gif video. Not sure if the following really answers my question, but I'm posting it in case it helps anyone else.
I took some time to clean up my Mac a little, and I completely uninstall VSCode, all its extensions and supporting files and started again.
I re-installed Code from scratch, didn't add any extensions, and then tried what #ippi's video showed.
It still didn't work - I got more or less the same output as in my post, and I'm not sure if it was running the code or not.
I had an urgent deadline to meet so didn't come back to it till now - two days later - and now, it's working.
A couple of things changed in that time though I really don't know what fixed this, if it was either of those or anything else. The two changes I can remember that I've done the last two days are:
Despite my post saying my node was 12.8.1, sometime in the last couple of days it turned into 8.something. I updated it to the latest v12.8.3, and
to meet that deadline I used node inspect myfile.js in Terminal for a bit.
The inspect (mostly) worked to meet my deadline, but still a hassle compared to what's shown in #ippi's video. I definitely wanted to get it working that way.
So… updating node fixed it? Running it in the terminal for a bit fixed it? Something else? I'm at a loss to know what did it. But it's working now.
Thanks again to #ippi for that. It pointed me in a good direction at least - to clean up my install a bit, if nothing else.
Maybe this will help someone else sometime in the future.
It seems the ultimate answer is:
It should just work out of the box (possibly subject to updating node to its latest). If it doesn't then:
The issue most likely isn't that you have to do any fancy configuring or whatnot to make it work.
Instead, most likely something is wrong with your installation and/or OS and you should explore that.
#ippi's video attached in case his/her link ever breaks:

How to prevent VS Code autocorrecting "debug" to "debugger" in Javascript?

Basically, we are using a particular flavor of Javascript at work that has the word debug as a keyword. I am using VS Code for development, and it's driving me nuts that it always autocorrects debug to debugger. Is there any config file I can use to tell VS Code to stop having me press backspace 3 times or having my program crash if I don't notice? Pretty sure it's a recent thing too.

WebStorm debug not working with Webpack and grunt

I have the debugger running and It seems to work on first load as it hits breakpoints. However, as the user takes actions, the breakpoints are no longer hit.
I have this (notice how the line numbers are different. I'm guessing the minified/concat files of my actual JS doesn't match the files I'm debugging but I don't know how to change them)
but the console shows it on a different line for my log statement:
However, every time I try to debug, I miss the break point even though WebStorm sees the console messages in the debug console tool.
How can I debug code that is minified?
I did find the way to make this work in the end and it had to do with my sourcemaps for webpack. Because I was building a different directory, I had to point it to my build dir rather than my actual code for the webpack///./

Debugging Javascript in Visual Studio (or other JS debugger)

I have a .js file that normally gets executed by cscript.exe (i.e. is not run in the browser and cannot be run there).
I know, that I can feed cscript.exe the //X parameter in order to get asked for a debugger to choose. Ok. That's fine.
I select "Visual Studio 2005 Debugger", IDE comes up, execution stops on the first line. Fine.
Script terminates (or I terminate it), I edit something and want to debug it again.
Simple thought would be just to hit F5 and run the debugger again. But this doesn't work. VS just tells me that it couldn't find any debugging symbols in cscript.exe:
What now? Starting cscript.exe from the command line again for each debug run is quite cumbersome in my opinion.
Is there a way to simply debug the script with VS? Also hints for other debugging tools would be appreciated.
The answer of t0nyh0 is pretty close. I create a dummy console application, compile and the debugger comes up. However, two things are not perfect
cscript.exe always asks for the debugger to use (which instance of VS).
Could this be overcome by specifying a certain debugger instance directly in the command line?
In order to fire a post-build event, there have to be some modifications in the sources. Currently, I simply add/delete a blank line to trigger building of my dummy project.
Is there a way to always execute the post-build script, even if nothing has changed?
There might not be a way to attach the debugger to cscript.exe itself, but you may be able to create a post-build event that runs a batch file that executes the cscript.exe //x myScript.js command so that every time you build, it executes for you automatically.
See this for more information on post-build events: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ke5z92ks(v=vs.80).aspx
While not a debugger tool, you should consider using a JavaScript testing framework for Visual Studio, such as Chutzpah, which will most likely make your life a lot easier.
Along with standard browser debugging tools (Firebug or Chrome Inspector), I've found that's all I usually need to build clean, tested, mostly-bug-free JavaScript code.
I don't have cscript at hand, but I think you can try to attach VS to the process manually.
After you start up your js using cscript.exe //x myScript.js, click "Debug - Attach to Process", find your cscript.exe process and attach to it.
I forget if VS2005 has this function but VS2008 and VS2010 do.
It is the native debug action that VS takes to debug (attach to the running process). If this doesn't work, I don't think you can do this using Visual Studio.
Best Javascript Debugger is Rhino Debugger See http://www.mozilla.org/rhino/debugger.html .
it is open source and you can get the source code of the Debugger GUI.
you can customise it as you wish :-) .

Can I get the Internet Explorer debugger to break into long-running JavaScript code?

I have a page that has a byzantine amount of JavaScript code running. In Internet Explorer only, and only version 8, I get a long-script warning that I can reliably reproduce. I suspect it is event handlers triggering themselves in an infinite loop.
The developer tools are limping horribly under the weight of the script running, but I do seem to be able to get the log to tell me what line of script it was executing when I aborted, but it is inevitably some of the deep plumbing of the ExtJS code we use, and I can't tell where it is in my stack of code.
A way of seeing the call stack would work, but preferably I'd like to be able to just break into the debugger when I get the long script warning so I can just step through the stack.
There is a similar question posted, but the answers given were for a not-the-right-tool, or the not terribly helpful advice to eliminate half my code at a time on a binary hunt for the infinite loop. If my code were simple enough that I could do that, it probably wouldn't have gotten the infinite loop in the first place. If I could reproduce the problem in Firebug, I'd probably be a lot happier too.
Here is what I would do:
Go to http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/devtools/debugging/default.mspx and install the Debugging Tools for Windows. You want to run WinDBG when this is installed.
Follow the steps outlined at http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/devtools/debugging/debugstart.mspx#a to setup the symbol server connection and have the symbols automatically downloaded to your local drive (c:\websymbols -- or whatever).
Run IEXPLORE.EXE under WinDBG. The help file should give you assistance in doing this if necessary. You need a couple of commands once you get Internet Explorer running and such. First, go ahead and get that large script going.
Break into the debugger (CTRL-SCROLLLOCK to break).
a. Do a LN to "list nearest" to get the DLL files that are loaded. Hopefully, you'll have JSCRIPT.DLL loaded in memory.
b. Type .reload /f to force the reloading of all of the symbols. This will take a while. Now, after this is done, type LN again and you should see that the proper JSCRIPT.PDB has been downloaded to your system in the symbols directory you setup earlier.
Depending on what you want to do, you may need to restart the debugger, but you can do this: After the initial break on WINDBG load, you can type "sxe ld jscript.dll" and it will break when jscript.dll loads.
This is the tricky part, because once this loads, you don't have the code for jscript.dll, but you have the proper symbols (if they are not loaded, then reload them with .reload /f). You can view the functions available by typing "x!jscript" and you'll get a full list of all of the functions and variables.
Pick one, set a break point, and then you should be able to track what is happening to your script.
If nothing else is accomplished, by using the .reload /f process, you can get the appropriate jscript.pdb files loaded on your system. It's possible you could use these in conjunction with Visual Studio to do additional debugging in that manner, but I'm not so sure how well that will work.
I've run in to this before and have had some luck with enabling the developer tools along with Visual Studio. When an error is encountered the page loading is halted, and I could then load up Visual Studio to see the specific line causing the trouble.
This site has some information on using Visual Studio along with the Internet Explorer debugger: Using Visual Studio to Debug JavaScript in IE